Since 9/11 terrorist attacks, terrorism using WMD by non-state actors such as terrorist organizations has become a real threat to the international community (see here ). Among WMD terrorism, IAEA assumes the following four types to be feasible nuclear terrorism.
In a nutshell, “Nuclear Security” encompasses multifaceted countermeasures to prevent nuclear terrorism. It covers not only the physical protection of nuclear facilities and materials, but also the security of non-nuclear radioactive sources, import-export controls at national borders and so on.
Needless to say, each individual country has primary responsibility for its own nuclear security. However, the impact of nuclear security incidents could easily spread beyond national borders. Therefore, intensive cooperation at regional and international levels is of vital importance for robust nuclear security.
«Nuclear Security Summit»
In Prague in April 2009, US President Obama emphasized the importance of strengthening international nuclear security to prevent nuclear terrorism in his speech on “a world without nuclear weapons”, and hosted the 1st Nuclear Security Summit in Washington in April 2010.
The Second Nuclear Security Summit was held in Seoul in March 2012, and the Third Summit – in the Hague in March 2014. The participants reaffirmed that nuclear terrorism remains “one of the most challenging threats to international security” and discussed the concrete progress made by participating countries and organizations in the field of nuclear security since the Washington Summit. The next summit will be held in the United States in 2016.
|2012 Seoul Summit (Image provided by Cabinet Public Relations Office)||2014 the Hague Summit (Image provided by Cabinet Public Relations Office)|